28 November 2007

6 Basic Materials Needed in Making a PicoTurbine Windmill for a Science Fair Project

Aluminum wire, cardboard, copper wire, magnets, metal clips and screws, and wood are the fundamental materials needed in building PicoTurbine Windmill energy science fair projects.

If you’re looking for a science fair project that focuses more on renewable energy and electricity, then the PicoTurbine windmill is the one you’re looking for. This probably is a common and a favorite science fair project not just for 5th or 6th grade students but it is also suitable for all ages. Making one is just very simple and the materials needed for this project is also easy to find and are available in all hardware/school supplies stores.  Here are the basic materials you should need to get started:

Aluminum wire

The windmill has a base and yolk made up of aluminum wire. They are done by wrapping some wire around the dowel. Using some pliers, the yoke is made by bending and looping the wire. When done, they are to be attached to a wooden base with some Philips head screws.


The cardboard is used as the paper blade and turbine patterns’ base support. This will also support the assembly’s magnet and rotor and it is also where a cut-out paper template will be glued. Though this could be found in all school supplies stores, you should always go for the board with the thicker material so that it would be durable enough to carry some weight.

Copper wire

The copper wire functions as the pathway of the windmill’s electric circuit, carries voltage to light up the light emitting diode (LED), and  it is the basic component in building the PicoTurbine’s stator segment. To make an efficient stator, you need to expose the wire on the end of the coils with the use of a sandpaper and remove any enamel left on it.


The magnets are attached to the rotor disk located on top of the wooden base of the windmill. Securely attached on the board with a double-sided tape, it will act as a rotor mechanism. Its magnetic field will send off just the right amount of voltage to light up LED when the rotor is turned on and starts spinning.

Metal clips and Screws

The clips and screws are what keep the turbine’s parts fastened to each another. The axle of the windmill and the yoke is specifically attached with Philips head screws. The metal clips, on the other, hand fastens the dowel to the rotor.


The PicoTurbine windmill would need a strong base to support it and wood is the perfect foundation just for it. Wood, though solid, can be screwed easily so you’ll be assured that all the windmill’s parts will be in place.

The PicoTurbine windmill is the perfect science fair project to learn new things and win contests. But before you start assembling the project, it is best that you have collected everything you need including some scissors, pliers, ruler and a screw driver.

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